Saturday, 7 April 2012

Active & Passive Sentences

     Passive sentences or commonly known by the word passive voice or Passive Sentence or there is also a call Passive Forms. In a nutshell definition of Passive Voice mean a transitive verb form of which is the subject of English grammar sentences act as a 'patient', ie that receives the action of a job
    Passive sentences are generally contrasted with the phrase Active or commonly known as the Active Voice, this phrase means a form of transitive verb where the subject of the sentence acts as an 'agent', or the action of a job.

1. Active Sentences

     In an active sentences, the subject of the sentence performs the action of the verb. The active sentences of a verb simply denotes the form of the verb used when the subject is the doer of the action.
      In the active sentences, the object receives the action of the verb:

 Another Examples :
  1. dudi washes the car everyday
  2. they are lifting the stones
  3. I will buy a bag
  4. we sold the car last month
  5. they have painted their house blue
  6. she had posted the letter before she came here
  7. she has been reading a book for 5 house
  8. mirna writes a letter for her brother every month
  9. the doctor is examining the patient at the moment
  10. the rich man will sell his luxurious house to pay for his debt

2. Passive Sentences

     The passive voice of a verb is the form of the verb is used when the subject is being acted upon rather than performing the action. In a passive voice, the subject of the sentence is affected by the action of the verb. The passive should only be used if the focus or importance is required for the receiver of the action.
     The passive sentences is less usual. In the passive voice, the subject receives the action of the verb:

Another Examples :
  1. the car is washed by dudi everyday
  2. the stones are being lifted by them
  3. a bag will be bought by me
  4. the car was sold last month
  5. the house has been painted blue by them
  6. the letter had been posted before she came here
  7. the book has been being read for 5 house
  8. a letter for mirna’s brother is written by her every month
  9. the patient is being examined by the doctor at the moment
  10. his luxurious house will be sold by the rich man to pay for his debt
The object of the active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb:

Pattern of Active and Passive Sentences In Some Tenses

The Following Paragraph is an Example of the Use of Passive Voice

     A most unusual and exciting event happened to me about twenty-seven years ago, the year I worked as a camp flunky in the high Arctic of Canada. My job that year was as assistant to the cook, so you can imagine the work I had to do. One day, after the dishes were finished, the tables set, and the potatoes peeled for supper, I heard a strange sound. The sound, like a low rumble, was coming from over the hill, I thought, so I walked around the lakeshore to have a look. As I crested the hill, I saw a sight I will remember as long as I live. The rumbling sounds were made by a huge herd of caribou crossing the tundra that day and, as I got closer, I heard something else: grunting sounds much like those made by pigs. The landscape was alive with animals, a brown sea of them stretching from one horizon to the other. More remarkable, still, was that it was only the first day, the day the caribou began passing our camp. Night and day, for more than a week, the great herd passed by us, more than two hundred thousand animals in all. I have only one regret after all these years, however that I had no camera with me those days, and so this unusual and exciting event lives on only in memory.

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